The Eschatological War

The author Hervé Ryssen grants an interview to Jérôme Bourbon for the French political review Rivarol

Your ninth book has been published this week. This time you look at eschatology. Could you first of all explain to us what eschatology is ?

To put it simply, eschatology is the study of “end times”. In the three great monotheist religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam – there is the belief that our world was created by God but that one day it must end. Catastrophes, wars and all sorts of terrifying prophecies are found in each of the great traditions as well as in ancient Aryan tradition and in Nordic mythology. From the ultimate war against the forces of evil, a new world will be reborn, from which the non-believers and heretics will have been banished. We find the same pattern every time.

What have you learnt from your research ? Given the close relationship between the three religions, can we say it’s possible to conceive a common future?

Eschatology teaches us precisely that the three religions are incompatible with one another for the very simple reason that their visions of the future differ on one particular and fundamental point : in the end, one – and only one – must triumph. The others must convert (in the case of Christianity and Islam) or quite simply disappear. Indeed, the Jews do not have this desire to convert the others to Judaism. The propaganda of certain Jewish intellectuals (what they say, their films, their novels, etc) consists of discrediting among non-Jews the idea of religion, race, homeland and any feeling of belonging in order to elevate the Jews above the mass of goys. Once all the nations have been destroyed and transformed into multi-cultural societies, once all the religions have been annihilated, and once a world government has been established – probably after a world war – an “absolute and final” peace will reign on earth, according to them. It is then that their much awaited messiah will come. The Jews will have kept their traditions and so will be recognised by all as being “God’s chosen people”.

But Jewish supremacism is no exception. The Muslims also seek to dominate this world.

There is, indeed, in Islam the idea that the whole world must submit and accept the message of the Holy Prophet. But, as I was saying, it is a question of converting others. Islam is not a closed sect, like Judaism, but is an open and universalist religion, similar to Christianity for that matter. But we must not forget that the Koran mentions several times the idea of fighting the infidel, with weapons if necessary.

Certain French patriots believe that, faced with the rise of Islam in Europe, the Jews, or certain Jews at least, can be allies. What’s your opinion on this?

For some ten years now, we have seen a handful of Jews, who were at one time fervent supporters of immigration, turn their guns and transform themselves, magically, into super French patriots, “more French than the French”, ever since they realised that all those Muslim immigrants, whom they helped to get into the country, are not necessarily their friends. Moreover, the rhetoric against “Islamic fascism” (Bernard-Henry Lévy used the term fascislamisme as early as 2006) is a way of mentally preparing people for a war against Iran, a country which does not threaten the French in a way at all, but which is an obstacle for the Zionist state in the Middle East.


How do Muslim theologians envisage the end of this battle between the Western world and Zionism ?

Theologians, such as Imran Hosein, have perfectly understood that the “Christian” West is today very much Jewish owing to a constant stream of cosmopolitan propaganda in the media. “Abortion, homosexuality, lesbianism, adultery are all legal today…” he writes.  He quite rightly says that the Europeans “have become Jewish”. He also vehemently condemns moves by the West to establish a world government. For him, in any case, things are very clear : God punished the Jews with a Babylonian army ; he punished them a second time with a Roman army; the third punishment will be a Muslim army, only this time it will be for real!

As for the Christians, who have not been able to protect themselves from Jewish nihilism, they will be obliged to stop venerating Jesus as if he were God and “will be forced to recognise him as a prophet”. Here we can see a difference in tone between the Muslims, who recognise Jesus as a prophet, and the Jews who, in the Talmud, insult Christ and consider that he is the son of a prostitute and a Roman solider. In Muslim eschatology, Jesus is sometimes considered to be the “Mahdi “(he who is guided by God), who will defeat the Anti-Christ at the end of time. For the Muslims also have the idea of an “Anti-Christ”. They call him the “Dajjal” and, as in Christianity, the Anti-Christ, who will persecute the faithful before finally being defeated, will come from the Jewish sect.

According to you, what are the differences between Christian eschatology and Muslim eschatology?

The essential difference is that the Muslims, like the Jews, believe in a triumph in this world, whereas the Christians, in particular the Catholics, seem to have renounced all idea of a victory in this world. Catholic eschatology is not clear, to tell the truth, and does not stir people into action in the same way as eschatology does for the Jews or for the Shia Muslims, who strive to bring the messiah to this world. A very small number of texts suggest the evangelisation of all nations, the Church’s “sixth age”, which precedes the great apostasy, as described by Venerable Bartholomew Holzhauser. We read that, in the following age, that of the Anti-Christ, “the only victory possible for the Christians in these terrible times will be to be defeated, persecuted, tormented and put to death, while remaining true, faithful and resolute”. This is revealing. We see that Christians are morally defenceless and that they are turned into martyrs, whereas they could have been heroes.

La Chute des anges, illustration de Georges Chastellain, Miroir de mort, 1470, Bibliothèque municipale, Carpentras.

‘The Fall of Angels’ – Georges Chastelain, 1470

In the Conciliar Church, in accordance with the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), the eschatology is even less galvanising. This time, the Church seems to have taken up the cause of Judaism. It must be humble and seems to be waiting impatiently for world government and the reign of the Anti-Christ! What about the conversion of Jews? This is postponed for the end of time and is never due to the evangelical zeal of Catholics. There is therefore no messianic activism. “Nobody will miss our gothic cathedrals”, fruit of our “pride”, writes a theologian with the authorisation of the diocese of Paris. We really do get the impression that there is a death wish. In such circumstances, therefore, it is not surprising to see our enemies gaining ground while we retreat.

What of the pagan “Weltanschaung”  ? Could you tell us a little about this?

The pagan world is generally based on an eschatology which is very pacific. It is very easy to understand why. For decades, the intellectual leader of this school of thought, Alain Benoist, has continued to trot out the idea that pre-Christian history in Europe was cyclical and not linear, and all the adherents of this movement, following him, have repeated ad nauseam Nietzsche’s phrase: “We must not hold back what must fall, but push it”. This means that, quite naturally, a number of militants within this movement believe that the best thing to do is to watch this civilisation die and even encourage its demise, as they are convinced that a new cycle will begin once everything has been destroyed. They no longer even realise that, at the end of the cycle, the white man will be dead and buried and they will have left the door open to their enemies.

The “traditionalists”, who are less political in their way of thinking, are followers of René Guénon and Julius Evola. According to this school of thought, history is a long decline, a gradual separation from the “Primordial Tradition”, and this has been the case for tens of thousands of years (or for several hundreds of thousands, depending on the many different interpretations!)

Following the Golden Age, there was the Silver Age and then the Bronze Age. We are today in the fourth and final age, the Iron Age, which has lasted for more than six thousand years, but which will soon come to an end and complete the great cycle. We have to wait for it all to end, asserts Julius Evola; it is absolutely futile to attempt to do anything to fight against the tide of decline!

With this mind, we understand better why the Jews and the Muslims are in the ascendant! Everything comes down to eschatology.

Aside from that, in the third chapter, I give some ideas which will, I think, allow readers to understand the workings of the psychological war which we must fight. In short, for us, to doubt is tantamount to betrayal!

Hervé Ryssen was interviewed by Jérôme Bourbon, editor-in-chief of Rivarol

La Guerre eschatologique is published by Baskerville (April 2013, 192 pages)

Interview translated from French


Zionism and the Clash of Civilisations

Interview with Youssef Hindi, author of  “The West and Islam”, an extraordinary work on the origins of Zionism and the nebulous neo-conservative theory of the so-called “clash of civilisations”

Using reliable sources to support his arguments, Youssef Hindi, a Frano-Morrocan historian, traces the roots of Zionism back to the messianic projects developed during the 13th century by rabbis and Kabbalists.

Aux origines moyenâgeuses et fumeuses du sionisme

In your book, you advance a new theory regarding Zionism. Could you briefly explain it to us?

The main theory of my book is as follows. Contrary to popular belief, Zionism is not an atheist ideology; nor was it created by the English Puritan movement during the 17th century as certain historians, such as Shlomo Sand, believe.

Zionism was from the very beginning a messianic project, created by rabbis during the Middle Ages. This project was developed and consolidated throughout the centuries to the point where it took on an atheist form, in a similar fashion to a number of modern ideologies dating from the 19th century.

This is not the only argument I put forward in this book. This messianic ideology which gave rise to Zionism also led to the strategy of the “clash of civilisations” and the creation of the myth of Judeo-Christianity, which dates from the early 16th century.

That these projects were born during the Middle Ages is one thing. But how do you explain the fact that they have managed to survive over the centuries? What’s more, how did these religious ideas come to take on an atheist appearance? Is this not a contradiction in terms?

Throughout the book, I illustrate the following key point which is not immediately obvious when one reads the book for the first time: the fact that ideas in history are updated. History is driven and animated by ideologies and ideas which are created, transformed and then spread. These ideas are born in people’s minds; they then guide people as well as the groups to which they belong: history is made by the groups led by these ideas.

Moreover, I construct my arguments very carefully, step by step, using a range of reliable sources. I highlight the coherence of the project, over seven centuries old, by carefully showing the links between the series of important, and often unknown, events which decisively changed the course of history.

Jewish messianism went through a period of transition between the end of the 17th century and the 18th century with the Sabbatean-Frankist movement. This messianic movement, which was both apocalyptic and antinomic (opposing God and natural law), was created by the false messiahs Sabbataï Tsevi (falsely converted to Islam) and Jacob Frank (falsely converted to Catholicism). It led the way to an atheist form of messianism which then gave a non-religious appearance to the vast messianic project. It was from this movement that the utopian libertarian and socialist revolutions of 19th and 20th centuries were born. During the same period, Zionism in its non-religious form appeared in Central Europe, which is exactly where the atheist revolutionary movements multiplied.

So what about the “clash of civilisations” theory ? You say that it is linked to messianism and Zionism. By attempting to link everything to this messianism, are you not speculating?

The “clash of civilisations” is by no means a theory: it is a strategy. My research shows that Solomon Molcho, who was a Kabbalist, developed this strategy in accordance with the rabbinic and eschatological interpretations of the Bible. During the 16th century, he attempted to push first the Catholic Church and then the Holy Roman Empire into a war against the Ottoman Empire, the idea being to drive out the Turks from Palestine, thereby allowing the reconstruction the Kingdom of Israel.

This is precisely what the British did at the end of the First World War. They dismantled the Ottoman Empire and created the Jewish homeland in Palestine (1919-20) following the promise they had made to the Zionists in the Balfour Declaration (1917).

Molcho’s project took four centuries to come to fruition, but it was finally accomplished. This is one of form evidence that I use as a means of showing the durability of the Zionist project and the intrinsic link that exists between Zionism and the “clash of civilisations” strategy, the latter being a prerequisite to the achievement of the Zionist project (see article on the Oded Yinon plan

In 1957, Bernard Lewis*, who influenced Samuel Huntington†, removed the religious element from this messianic strategy by giving it a scientific appearance, in order to set it up as theory. As a worthy heir to Molcho, Lewis decrees that the (post) Christian world and the Islamic world are, by their very nature, destined to confront each other in a war. It was Bernard Lewis who, from the year 2000 onwards, strove to convince Vice-President Dick Cheney that the US should invade Iraq.

This “clash of civilisations”, conjured up from nowhere, basically conceals what I term “a global ideological conflict” between the Old Testament world (covering the Anglo-Saxon thalassocracy, its former Catholic vassals on the European continent, the Wahhabi oil monarchies and Israel) and the rest of the world.

* Bernard Lewis is a Jewish historian who holds British, American and Israeli passports.
† Samuel Huntington, author of “The Clash of Cvilisations and Remaking of World Order”

Article Translated from French

Youssef Hindi was interviewed by Gilles Munier, author of the “Black Gold Spies” (see

Occident et Islam“, is published by Editions Sigest,

Source: France-Irak Actualité

See also: Youssef Hindi discusses his book with Jean-Michel Vernochet (we have provided English subtitles).

The Black Gold Spies

Book: Les espions de l’or noir (The Black Gold Spies), Gilles Munier (Editions Koutoubia – Groupe Alphée-Editplus)

Is oil ‘the master of this world’ ? Yes, it is, but how did this happen? From rivalries for the control of the route to India to the emergence of the United States as a world power, Britain and America succeeded in expanding their influence over the whole of Central Asia, Caucasus and the Middle East. In doing so, they seized control of the world’s major oil-fields.

By returning to the origins of the ‘Great Game’ and the oil rush, Gilles Munier tells the story of the ‘black gold’ spies and the curse that fell upon the countries possessing oil wealth. He describes the secret agents working for the various powers involved – Napoleon I, Kaiser Wilhelm II, Adolph Hitler, the irregular troops of the Stern Gang (Mossad’s predecessors) and the CIA, whose activities either preceded or accompanied the largest massacres of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Among the cast, we find the famous – Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell, St. John Philby and Kermit Roosevelt. But we also discover lesser known characters such as Sidney Reilly, William Shakespear, Wilhelm Wassmus, Marguerite d’Andurain, John Eppler and Conrad Kilian. Going futher back in time, we discover Lady Stanhope, the Knight of Lascaris, William Palgrave, Arthur Conolly and David Urquhart.

“They say money does not stink, but oil is here to remind us that it does”, wrote Pierre MacOrlan. Gilles Munier adds that “in the Middle East and in the Caucasus it smells of blood”.

Munier, who has witnessed first-hand various Middle Eastern conflicts, shows that these tragedies have very little to do with the introduction of democracy and the protection of human rights. As with the war in Afghanistan and the future wars in Iran or in Darfur, these armed struggles are the result of covert operations to control the oil fields.

Article Translated from French


Why France failed in Ukraine

Book : Xavier Moreau, Pourquoi la France s’est trompée en Ukraine éditions du Rocher, 186 pages, septembre 2015.

We may be surprised by the disastrous manner in which France managed the Ukrainian crisis. The decisions taken often went against French interests, following American policy which was sometimes at odds with the French tradition. Implacable opposition to Russia proved counter-productive, weakening France’s voice in the Middle East and diminishing its influence in Syria. While this crisis could have been an opportunity for France to lead European diplomacy, it instead got bogged down and lost its way. Diplomatic efforts were guided by ideology rather than by pragmatism and reality, the result of which was that the local population consistently suffered.

Xavier Moreau, expert on Russia and Central Europe, devotes a book to this failure of French diplomacy. But his book also analyses the situation in Ukraine, which is much more complex than the portrayal conveyed by the pale images in the media. In this book, we discover an overlap of communities and cultural animosities, formed over the centuries, which emerge at a time when the Ukrainian state is weakening.

Article Translated from French

The original author was Jean-Baptiste Noé, writer and historian. He is an editor of the geopolitical magazine, Conflits, and is a columnist for l’Opinion.

Source: Contrepoints

The Unknown Theorist of Counter-Insurgency

Book : Mériadec Raffray, Général Jacques Hogard, Stratège de la contre-insurrection (General Jaques Hogard, the Strategy of Counter-Insurgency). Economica, coll. Stratégies & Doctrines, 2014

While the name of David Galuala, commanding officer in the French army and theorist of counter-insurgency operations, remains an international reference in the matter, that of general Jacques Hogard (1918-1999) is much less known. Though a veteran of the Second World War and of the French campaigns in Algeria and Indochina, he has developed theories that have not lost their relevance to an age with wars in Afghanistan and Mali. His work has contributed to Western understanding of the Communist concepts of revolutionary war.

In this book, Mériadec Raffray, journalist and renowned military expert, does him justice. A graduate from the prestigious Saint-Cyr French military college, a man of both theory and action, Jacques Hogard soon found himself faced with a new form of conflict resulting from the confrontation between the East and West: subversive warfare. Drawing on his military experience, he developed during his career a subtle and comprehensive analysis of counter-insurgency. He thus emphasizes the idea of using psychology as a weapon to obtain the civilian population’s moral support, the only real issue in a revolutionary war. This weapon consists of “opposing all forms of anti-national propaganda and to neutralise its authors”; the aim is to “counteract and thwart this propaganda using an efficient and objective counter-propaganda”.

Drawing on the lessons learnt from the French defeat in Indochina, Jacques Hogard lists the reasons for the failure: the inability to adapt to the country; defective intelligence; inadequate knowledge of both the enemy and revolutionary warfare; poor training owing to a lack of time; the obsolescence of the infantry coupled with physical weakness of officers, too old to successfully complete their missions. For each of these problems, he proposes several solutions based on a political and psychological training programme for all officers in order to teach them how to win the trust of the local population.

His method of pacification, when compared to that of general Lyautey, is a textbook case. It is based on a detailed knowledge of the enemy and his environment, and can adopt two strategies. The first, termed ‘superficial’, is based on the destruction of the adversary’s political infrastructure; this proves costly as it demands a large personnel. The second strategy consists of winning over the local population and arming them against the rebels – this is Hogard’s preferred option. He defines this strategy by an aphorism which summarises his theory: “Every operation, no matter how small, must have a political aim”

Article Translated from French

The original author was Tigrane Yégavian, journalist at Conflits magazine.

Source : Conflits

Syria – Why the West Got it Wrong

Book: Syrie. Pourquoi l’Occident s’est trompé (Syria. Why the West Got it Wrong) Frédéric Pichon, Éditions du Rocher

The publication of this book, which pulls no punches, caused much controversy and created a precedent. Founding member of the magazine Conflits and author of a PhD thesis on the Syrian Christians in Ma’loula, the geopolitical analyst, Frédéric Pichon, has written a savage critique which goes against the current emotional style of many books written today on the situation in Syria.

The author condemns the disastrous management of the Syrian conflict by western governments, French diplomats being the first to blame. While the French government distinguished itself at the very outbreak of the crisis in March 2011 by taking a clearly offensive line, its tendency to take action on all fronts, combining moral outrage with verbal aggression, its military weakness and its faint-hearted attitude led to the consequences that we know today.

Intoxicated by the media euphoria of the so-called “Arab Springs”, France took over a year to reluctantly admit that its negotiating partners, the foreign-based National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, was found wanting in face of the unstoppable rise of the Islamic extremists.

Worse still, France, which wasn’t unaware of the power struggles within this motley opposition group, continually discouraged peace initiatives coming from other Syrian groups opposed to the regime. Working in collaboration with its Saudi and Qatari allies, France apparently did all it could in January 2012 to thwart the Arab League’s mission, mistakenly counting on a rapid overthrow of Bashar al-Assad’s regime.

The tragedy of Syria, whose landscape has been transformed into a battlefield for the world’s Islamic extremists, is also one of media excess and biased coverage of the conflict. Frédéric Pichon shows us that the story is more than one of appalling ignorance. Three years after the declaration of this war waged for others, a war which has claimed a 150,000 lives, he gives us an account of an historical blunder by a France humbled by mistakes and contradictions.

Translated from French

The original author was Tigrane Yégavian, journalist for Conflits magazine.

Source: Conflits


Islamic State: Anatomy of the new Caliphate

Book:  L’État Islamique, Anatomie du nouveau Califat  (Islamic State: Anatomy of the new Caliphate) by Thomas Flichy and Olivier Hanne.

A truly remarkable achievement: publish a book on the Islamic State, less than six months after its dramatic appearance on the world stage. The text is enlivened by the addition of maps and charts to help readers understand and form their own opinion. What’s more, using their “geo-cultural” method, the two authors allow us to understand the mysterious psychology of this group, in a context where Arab Sunni Muslims in both Iraq and Syria are profoundly frustrated by regional political events. It is by referring to Islamic culture that we are able to understand its appearances, which are far from deranged, and its media communications.

L’État Islamique, Anatomie du nouveau Califat, de Thomas Flichy et Olivier Hanne

Moreover, the book is capable of taking a nuanced approach, in particular when it demonstrates the extent to which the disastrous American military intervention in 2003 pushed the Sunni Ba’athist officers into the hands of the terrorist group; their aggressive nationalism was thus exploited by the Islamic State’s eschatological vision.

Finally, the Islamic State is but a symptom, perhaps temporary, of the deep crisis that the region is suffering. The organisation forced its way into the history of the Middle East because of the unflinching determination of its members and its exhaustive ideological work. The authors conclude that: “The Islamic State is an accident of Islam and the Middle East, but it is a fatal accident”.

Translated from French

The original author was Frédéric Pichon, researcher at Stratpol ( and author of “Syrie: Pourquoi l’Occident s’est trompé” (Syria: Why did the West Get it Wrong)

Source: Conflits



“20 Good Reasons to be Anti-American”, by Martin Peltier

Book : Martin Peltier, 20 bonnes raisons d’être anti-américain (20 Good Reasons to be Anti-American), éditions Die, June 2015, 210 pages.

Some might object that this is just knee-jerk anti-Americanism. Besides the fact that this description would not bother the author in the slightest, his chapters are in fact packed with specific examples (for instance, on the impact of the Blum-Byrnes agreements on French cinema) and the chapter on the “Control of Images” (a key priority for the US, because this ensures that emotion triumphs over reason) as well as the chapter entitled “The American: from Imperial Communication to the Confusion of Thought” are highly informative.

Equally convincing, because they are all supported by facts from history and current events, are the chapters “America Spies on us and Misinforms the World” (a chapter which examines the fact the Saddam Hussein’s chemical weapons’ arsenal did not exist as well as the recent massacre in Ferguson, a master-stroke of Obamian propaganda, deconstructed with precision in this chapter); “The NGOs – Agents of American Globalism”; and “The Judges, the New Kings of the World”, a chapter that owes a great deal to Eric Delcroix’s masterpiece, “Le Théâtre de Satan” (Satan’s Theatre), which shows the pollution and subversion of Roman and Germanic law by American legalism based on morality, a morality which is selective, biased and circumstantial, even though the First Amendment gives the illusion of complete freedom of expression.

This brings us to the chapter entitled “Against American Morality” and the education policy produced by the American way of thinking: this “education of separation”, currently favoured by our system, aims to “divide the different generations from one another” in order to prevent the natural transmission of cultural values from one generation to the next. The result of this form of education is that “a 60 year-old man is inevitably despised by the Balilla of the anti-racist movements (the “Vallaud Belkacem Youth”) if, despite the onslaught by the mass-media, he has managed to preserve his way of thinking that was given to him by his parents”.  According to the author, this explains the current crisis in the Front National  because “despite being wary, the Marine Le Pen generation is not untainted” by this contamination.

Martin Peltier, who dedicates his book to Marcel Aymé (an allusion to his book “Travelingue”) is not the first author to show the damage of the American way of life and, especially, the American way of thinking. Both the Hungarian Thomas Molnar (professor at the University of Colombia in New York) and Alexander Solzhenitsyn in his famous Harvard Commencement Address have higlighted the dangers of an alignment with the US. This has been condemned more recently by the academic and former Croatian diplomat, Tomislav Sunic, in his book Homo Americanus, a species which exists in infinite varieties from Bangok to Warsaw and which the author describes as being “the child of the postmodern age”.

Martin Peltier’s achievement is to describe the multifaceted nature of the phenomenon and to make a comprehensive assessment of the damage inflicted on our countries and on our relations with “the destitute of the world” (see chapter 8 “America Teaches Us How to Live Together” … by beating us with the big stick marked “feel guilty”, a technique which has proven successful in Germany).

Some will criticise him for his treatment of a highly controversial issue, the subservience of America to Jewish messianism, thus following the footsteps of the ill-fated Pierre-Antoine Cousteau and his book “Jewish America”. Does he not examine the “Jewish origins” of the US and the “Judeo-Masonic and Protestant collusion against Rome”?

But criticising him for this would be to forget that some of the US Founding Fathers were already wary of the “chosen people”. The historian Paul del Perugia, for instance, states in his “Louis XV” (Albatros 1976) that in the preliminary debates on the American Constitution, Benjamin Franklin had asked to prevent the Jews from entering the US. He received little support. If Cleopatra’s nose had been shorter and the voice of Benjamin Franklin had been louder, world history would have been totally changed. And perhaps Martin Peltier would never have embarked on his indictment…

Translated from French

The original author was Camille Galic

Source : Polemia


New International Challenges: War or Peace

Book: Roland Dumas, Charles Crettien, New International Challenges : War or Peace (Nouveaux enjeux internationaux, Guerre ou Paix), Le Cherche midi, 2014, 176 p., 17 €.

Former foreign minister, Roland Dumas, and Charles Crettien, a former ambassador who notably served in Somalia, have teamed up to condemn the current excesses of French foreign policy.

The book’s starting point is the new Russian defence policy, announced in March 2012 by president Putin, spelling the end of an era of disarmament and détente started by Gorbachev. Taking into account the significant role that Russia plays in the world, the authors succinctly review the world’s trouble spots: Syria, the Middle East, Maghreb, the Sahel, Sub-Saharan Africa, but also Columbia and Thailand.

In what appears to be a plea for a new French foreign policy, based on a dialogue with Russia and its allies, the authors highlight the dangers of resorting to religious discourse in the current international climate while condemning the improvisations of a French foreign policy discredited by the belligerent and contradictory behaviour of current French political leaders.

Article Translated from French

Source: Conflits



Michel Guénaire on the Return of Nations

Michel Guénaire, The Return of Nations (Le Retour des États) Grasset, 2013, 400 p., 21,50 €

This essay is a plea for the nation-state, combined with a scathing critique of neo-liberalism, the origin of uniform globalisation which holds national history in disregard. With the deepening crisis in our western economies, the role of the state has become vital. The state can no longer simply be the expression of national power, as during the period of empire, but is in fact the perfect embodiment of a nation’s identity. This is because, according to the author, the state remains the best means of protecting peoples interests.

Making use of an extensive social science literature, this work demonstrates how the rest of the world is seeing a reaffirmation of original cultures in reaction to what the author terms “the neo-liberal amnesia” which has vainly attempted to swallow them up. According to the author, the true revolution is not globalisation but the reconfiguration of regional identities in the world with sovereignty as the common goal.

Article Translated from French

Source :